How to treat mental diseases?

how to treat psychological diseases

The human brain is the most complex mechanism in the world. The psyche as its composition has not been fully studied to date. This means that the causes of the occurrence and treatment of many mental disorders are still unknown to psychiatrists. The tendency for the formation of new syndromes is growing, respectively, blurred boundaries between the norm and pathology appear.


Table of contents:

  1. What is a psychological illness?
  2. Types of mental diseases
  3. Why do diseases occur?
  4. What are the symptoms of psychological disorders?
  5. Psychological disorders in children
  6. How to treat psychological disorders?
  7. What is Wellbutrin?
  8. What is the form of release?
  9. Dosage and administration scheme
  10. What are the side effects of Wellbutrin?
  11. Where to buy a drug?
  12. Conclusion
  13. Useful links

Nowadays, almost every second person has mental disorders. Not always the disease has vivid clinical manifestations. Nevertheless, some deviations cannot be neglected. The concept of the norm has a wide range, but inaction, with obvious signs of the disease, only exacerbates the situation.

Although the symptoms of mental illness can range from mild to severe and are different depending on the type of mental illness, a person with an untreated mental illness often is unable to cope with life’s daily routines and demands [1].

The final diagnosis of the disease can only be established by an experienced psychiatrist. He will also prescribe treatment based on the symptoms, along with clinical studies. The sooner the patient seeks help, the greater the chance of successful treatment. You need to drop stereotypes, and not be afraid to face the truth. Now mental illness is not a sentence, and most of them are successfully treated if the patient promptly consults doctors for help. Most often, the patient himself is not aware of his condition, and this mission should be taken over by the relatives. The list and description of mental illness are for information only. Perhaps your knowledge will save the lives of those who are dear to you or dispel your anxieties.

What is a mental illness?

Mental illness is a painful condition characterized by various destructive changes in the human psyche. There are many mental disorders. However, they all manifest themselves in different ways. People who are prone to psychological disorders have absurd ideas. They think inappropriately, behave, and react incorrectly to various events. Some types of mental illness cause somatic disorders.

Mental illnesses are more common in women than in men. This is due to a large number of provoking factors such as pregnancy, childbirth or menopause.

In a state of mental disorder, the patient, unlike a healthy person, can not cope with ordinary household problems, properly perform their professional tasks. Disorders of the psyche affect the mental ability of the human mind and behavior.

Often, mental disorders are perceived as a person’s character. People accuse the patient of what he is not guilty of. Due to the inability to live in society, and the inability to adjust to all the person remains alone with his misfortune. The list of the most common ailments does not cover even one-hundredth of mental disorders, and in each case, the symptoms and behavior may vary. If the problem interferes with life, then it must be solved together with a specialist.

Types of psychological diseases

Psychologists distinguish the following types of mental disorders.

  • Affective disorders. The disease leads to a deterioration in mood
  • Mental disorders provoked by a stressful situation. A person has fears of various objects or phenomena
  • Behavioral disorders caused by physical and physiological factors. Various mental disorders associated with eating food (overeating, anorexia)
  • Behavioral as well as personality disorders of adulthood. Sexual identification problems, sexual dysfunctions, gambling addiction, bad habits
  • Mental retardation. A congenital condition, manifested by a delay in personality development
  • Disorders in psychological development. Manifested in the form of problems with speech, a slowdown in the overall development of a person, a delay in motor functions and a reduced ability to learn
  • Child and adolescent psychological disorders. Disorders that are characteristic of childhood and adolescence. Disobedience, hyperactivity, problems with concentration
  • Organic mental disorders. Thay caused, as a rule, by organic diseases of the brain. Mental disorders are possible after a concussion, a bruise, a stroke, various systemic diseases
  • Mental and behavioral dysfunctions associated with the use of alcohol and psychotropic drugs. Violations are caused by the use of psychoactive substances that are not drugs
  • Schizophrenia and delusional conditions. Mental illnesses affecting the psychoemotional state of an individual. A person commits illogical acts

In 20 percent of the world’s population, throughout life, there are disorders associated with all kinds of phobias. Fear sometimes arises as a reaction to a threatening situation. Another common mental disorder is depression. It occurs in 7 percent of the female world’s population and 3 percent of the male. At least once in a lifetime, every inhabitant of the planet suffers from depression.

A common failure in thinking and behavior called schizophrenia. People exposed to this disease are often depressed and try to isolate themselves from public life.

Mental disorders of adulthood are manifested in the form of alcohol dependence, sexual deviations, and irrational behavior. True, many of them are dictated by psychological injuries of childhood and adolescence.

Why do diseases occur?

why do diseases occur

Unfortunately, the causes of many mental disorders are not clear today. Depending on the type of disorders, certain factors provoke the development of diseases. Doctors identify the biological, psychological and social causes of mental disorders.

Mental disorders are caused by changes in the structure or functions of the brain. It is generally accepted that exogenous or endogenous factors influence the occurrence of mental disorders. These include toxic drugs, alcohol, infections, psychological injuries, bruises, concussions, and cerebrovascular disease. This kind of disorder is affected by stressful situations provoked by family or social problems. Endogenous factors include chromosome abnormalities, gene mutations, or hereditary gene diseases.

Psychological abnormalities, regardless of the causes, bring many problems. A sick person is characterized by inadequate thinking, improper response to some life situations, and often irrational behavior. Such individuals have an increased tendency to suicide, crime, the formation of alcohol or drug addiction.

What are the symptoms of psychological disorders?

The main manifestations of all kinds of mental disorders are violations of mental activity, psycho-emotional state, behavioral reactions, which significantly go beyond the existing orders and ethical standards. People who suffer from psychological disorders have various disorders of physical, cognitive, emotional nature. For example, a person may feel too happy or, conversely, destitute, which is not entirely consistent with the events taking place around him.

Various kinds of mental illness have their characteristics. The clinical manifestations of the same disorder in different people can vary. Depending on the severity of the individual’s state and violations in his behavior, a certain therapy tactic is chosen.

Psychological disorders in children

The child undergoes several physiological and psychological changes in the process of growing up. Many factors leave an imprint on the formation of the worldview of children, including the attitude of parents to them. If adults raise a child correctly, he grows up as a mentally healthy person who knows how to behave properly in society and any situation.

Children who have been abused daily at an early age perceive parental behavior as normal. As they mature, they will exhibit similar behavior to other people. All the negative aspects of the upbringing of young children make themselves felt in adulthood.

Well-known psychiatrists have identified the most dangerous signs in the mental state of the child, which must be paid attention to as soon as possible. If adults ignore these factors and do not take their children to a psychiatrist, they will have to face some serious problems in the future. Signs of psychological disorders in children are:

  • zoosadism (cruelty to animals)
  • inability to empathize with someone else’s pain
  • coldness in the manifestation of feelings
  • constant lies
  • enuresis
  • running away from home, a love of vagrancy
  • theft of other things
  • early addiction to smoking, drugs, alcohol
  • desire to set fire
  • bullying weak peers

If the child shows such behavior, it means that the parents made some mistake in his upbringing. Negative actions indicate symptoms of mental disorders only when they are repeated regularly. Parents need to take this behavior seriously and consult a specialist.

How to treat psychological disorders?

how to treat psychological disorders

Before treating a person for a psychological disorder, a specialist must correctly establish the diagnosis and identify the cause that affected the development of the disease. First of all, a consultation with a psychologist is necessary. The specialist talks with the patient in a relaxed atmosphere and conducts a test. Then he assigns tasks and carefully monitors the reactions and behavior of the individual. After a psychological diagnosis, the psychologist identifies violations in the psyche of the client and determines the method of correctional care.

Let’s consider the most common methods of treating psychological diseases.

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy, which is often called colloquial therapy or psychological counseling, is an inseparable process for treating a wide variety of mental disorders. During psychotherapy, a person fully learns about his condition, the reasons for the formation of mood, feelings, thoughts, and behavior. Using this knowledge that a person receives in the process of training, having learned how to use it correctly, a person becomes able not only to cope with unfavorable situations and stress but also learns to manage his psycho-emotional state.

There are many different types of psychotherapy, each of which has a special approach to the possibilities of improving mental health. Psychotherapy often effectively helps for several months and succeeds, but in some cases, a longer treatment may be necessary. Psychotherapeutic sessions can be carried out both individually with a doctor, and in groups or together with family members.

Taking medications

Although psychiatric drugs do not cure mental illness, they often can significantly improve symptoms. Psychiatric drugs can also help make other treatments, such as psychotherapy, more effective. Doctors use the following classes of prescription psychiatric drugs:

  • Antidepressants. Drugs (e.g. Wellbutrin) help relieve sadness, grief, hopelessness, lack of positive energy, etc. The best drug is one that is individually selected depending on the specific situation.
  • Anti-anxiety medication. Psychologists use these drugs to treat anxiety disorders. They can also help reduce insomnia. Anti-anxiety drugs bring short-term relief. However, they can be addictive.
  • Drugs that stabilize mood. Mood stabilizers are most often used to treat bipolar disorders characterized by alternating arousal and depression.
  • Antipsychotic drugs. Psychologists usually use them to treat psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia. They can also be used to treat bipolar disorders or used in tandem with antidepressants to treat depression.

Active brain stimulation

Brain stimulation treatments for mental illness are sometimes used to treat depression and other mental disorders. These techniques are used in emergencies in which drugs and psychotherapy did not work. These include electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), transcranial magnetic stimulation, vagus nerve stimulation, and an experimental treatment called deep brain stimulation.

Treatment courses in hospitals

Mental disorders sometimes become so pronounced that there is a need for hospitalization. Hospitalization in a psychiatric clinic is usually recommended if the person cannot take care of himself properly or when he is in a high probability of harming himself or others, or when the symptoms manifested by the person become unbearable.

What is Wellbutrin?

Wellbutrin is an effective modern medicine. It belongs to the group of antidepressants. The medicine copes well with the symptoms of depression and bad mood. Wellbutrin also helps quit bad habits, including smoking. Despite its effectiveness, the drug is slightly toxic and rarely has side effects. Due to its properties, today the drug is one of the most prescribed antidepressants. The main active ingredient is bupropion.

What is the form of release?

Pharmacological companies release Wellbutrin in tablet form. They have a creamy pale or pale yellow color. Tablets are packaged in blisters, which are located in a cardboard box. Depending on the volume of the active substance (150 mg or 300 mg), an antidepressant is available in two dosages.

Dosage and administration scheme

The patient should take Wellbutrin by mouth with a small amount of water. The effect of taking the drug appears 2 weeks after the start of the therapy course. Treatment begins with 150 mg of Wellbutrin per day in the morning. If the desired effect is not achieved, then over time, the dose is increased to 300 mg per day. In particularly difficult cases, in the absence of a therapeutic effect when using a dose of 300 mg, it may increase to 450 mg. It is worth remembering that the maximum daily dose should not exceed 450 mg.

If the maximum daily dose (450 mg) is exceeded, an overdose may occur. It is manifested by arterial hypertension, convulsions, tachycardia, etc. The patient should stop taking the drug and consult a specialist. The regimen and dosage are determined by the attending physician. You must strictly follow all the instructions.

What are the side effects of Wellbutrin?

Wellbutrin differs from other antidepressants in low toxicity to the body. Due to this, a drug rarely has side effects. This is one of the reasons for the popularity of the drug. Nevertheless, doctors identify the following most common side effects:

  • Dry mouth
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Vomiting
  • Possible insomnia
  • Anxiety
  • Headaches
  • Joint pain

In case of adverse effects from taking Wellbutrin, the patient should stop taking the antidepressant and inform the attending physician.

Where to buy a drug?

where to buy a drug

During treatment, each patient wonders where to buy the prescribed medicine. Previously, we used exclusively local pharmacies. However, the development of technology does not standstill. Thanks to the progress today, we can use the services of a certified online pharmacy. Such a service has significant advantages over a local pharmacy. Here are only a few of them:

  • Save your time. You no longer have to spend your time and go to your local pharmacy. Order the drug you need via the Internet using your PC, tablet or smartphone
  • Anonymity. You no longer have to be afraid to meet your neighbor or acquaintance. Representatives of online pharmacy will pack your order in a reliable opaque package. No one will ever know what disease bothers you!
  • Order quantity. Regardless of the prescription, you can order the amount of medicine you need. There will no longer be a need to write a prescription over and over
  • Fast shipping. An online pharmacy works with transport companies. Service representatives will deliver your medicine in the best way, saving you time and money
  • Low price. The prices of medicines in an online pharmacy are much lower than at your local pharmacy. Besides, online pharmacy often provides discounts on its products. A flexible system of discounts available for regular customers

An online pharmacy allows you to purchase quality goods for less money. Do not believe? Try it out and see for yourself.

Conclusion

Often people perceive mental disorders as a person’s character. They blame the patient for what he is not guilty. The inability to live in society, the inability to adjust to all are condemned. A person is alone with his misfortune. The list of the most common ailments does not cover even one-hundredth of mental disorders. Symptoms and behavior in each case may vary. It is very difficult to make the right decision when there is a suspicion of a mental disorder in someone close to you. Perhaps a person simply has a difficult period in his life, and his behavior has changed for this reason. Things will get better and everything will return to its circles. If you or your loved one felt a health problem, you should immediately contact a specialist for help. Any disease is easier to cure at the initial stage of development.

Useful links

[1] Read mora information by the link https://www.medicinenet.com/mental_illness/article.htm

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