Herpes is one of the most common human diseases caused by the herpes simplex virus. Over 90% of the world’s people are infected with the herpes simplex virus and up to 20% of them have some form of infection. According to numerous European studies, by the age of 18, more than 90% of urban residents are infected with one or more strains. Someone is difficult to tolerate, someone dies due to complications, and someone lives and does not even know about the problem. Let us consider in more detail the methods and means of treating this viral disease.
Table of contents:
- What is herpes?
- What are the ways to transmit the disease?
- What are the symptoms of a viral infection?
- How to diagnose a viral infection?
- How to treat herpes?
- What is Zovirax?
- Release form of antiviral medication
- How to take Zovirax?
- What are the side effects of the medication?
- Why is generic better than the original?
- What is the prevention of herpes?
- Useful links
How to treat herpes? This question is asked by approximately nine out of ten people. The herpes virus lives in the body of almost every one of us, while for a long time it may not be able to declare its presence. Many people mistakenly believe that a catarrhal disease causes its manifestation. But is it so.
What is herpes?
Herpes is an infectious disease caused by the virus of the same name. Once it enters the body, it is integrated into the cells, due to which the usual immune defense weakens. Under certain circumstances and a sharp decrease in immunity, genital herpes appears, the treatment of which causes difficulties.
Speaking of herpes, many imagine painful vesicle rashes on the lips, which greatly spoil the appearance. However, the disease can manifest itself not only in this way. The clinical signs of this infection depend on the specific type of herpes virus that has infected the body. Indeed, the most common type of herpes simplex virus is type 1, but other types of the disease are known to date.
What are the ways to transmit the disease?
The herpes virus enters the body through microcracks of the skin and mucous membranes (oropharynx, urethra, etc.), after which it penetrates the nerve nodes of the central nervous system, where it remains in a latent state.
Herpes is a contagious viral disease. It is transmitted just like any other viral infection. The main, and perhaps the only source of infection is a sick person, that is, its carrier. It is scientifically proven that in one milliliter of fluid flowing from a herpetic vesicle contains up to one million viral particles. A person can get herpes as a result of contact with a herpes rash, and during contact with the discharge of a sick person through household items. There are several ways to get the virus:
- Airborne droplets. Infection occurs with coughing, sneezing, talking, kissing. Infection can occur with direct contact with a sick person and the direct use of his personal belongings
- During sexual contact. Even a condom is not one hundred percent protection against the disease, because contact with the body of a sick person can occur
- Transfusion route. Infection occurs with a blood transfusion. To date, the transmission method is rare, because doctors comply with all safety rules
Children can become infected from their sick mother when they are in the womb or during childbirth.
What are the symptoms of a viral infection?
Herpes manifests itself depending on the state of immunity. So, a viral infection can manifest itself in different ways from almost invisible vesicles on the skin to severe lesions of the human nervous system. This virus can infect almost every human organ. The disease proceeds chronically and is expressed by various clinical manifestations. However, most often herpes affects the skin and mucous membranes.
Symptoms of herpes begin to appear 3-7 days after contact with a sick person in the form of redness of the skin and the formation of painful vesicles in this place with a transparent content of 0.1-0.3 cm in diameter. Besides, ulcers can also occur on the palate, inner surface cheeks, tongue, tonsils. Herpes in this situation is more like a respiratory disease.
Due to the effects of the herpes simplex virus of the second type, a person develops genital herpes, which is characterized by the burning of the skin, the appearance of rashes, redness of the genitals. At the initial stage of the disease, a person often increases body temperature, general weakness manifests itself.
Genital herpes is more acute, occurring on the mucous membrane of the genital organs. This leads to the formation of ulcers, as well as damage to the vagina, cervix in women, and damage to the urethra, prostate, and testicles in men.
With herpes, lymph nodes can be enlarged, the process of urination is disturbed, pain is often observed both at rest and during urination.
In women, herpes symptoms begin with the appearance of pain in the lower abdomen and the genital area, pus-like discharge from the vagina. Often this is accompanied by fever, headache and muscle pain, malaise. After 3-7 days, small vesicles appear in the places of the primary lesion, gradually shrinking into clusters. They burst, and in their place painful sores appear, covered with crusts, after which the surface of the skin heals without leaving scars. Genital herpes in women is localized both on the mucous membrane of the vagina and cervix, and on the clitoris and in the labia, as well as on the skin of the buttocks and inner thighs.
In men, genital herpes appears on the head of the penis, foreskin, and urethra. Patients complain of pain, burning in the urethra during urination.
How to diagnose a viral infection?
There are several methods for diagnosing herpes. Among the most common, we can distinguish the virological method of detecting herpes. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is also used to determine the herpes virus in the body.
Depending on the state of immunity, there are three types of relapsing course of the disease arrhythmic, monotonous and subsiding. With atypical genital herpes, its symptoms are masked by other diseases, and with an asymptomatic course, the disease can be recognized only with the help of special tests. To properly diagnose the disease and learn how to cure genital herpes, you need to contact a specialist. In addition to collecting an anamnesis, several laboratory tests are performed to determine the type of herpes.
For virological studies, the contents of the vesicles are taken and placed in a special environment where the pathogen is propagated. This method is not very accurate, so its results are often called into question. More reliable information is provided by gene diagnostics, in which specialists determine the presence of a DNA virus.
The analysis allows you to identify the pathogen and distinguish it from others. As an auxiliary method, an enzyme immunoassay is used to determine the presence of antibodies to the virus in the patient’s blood.
Blood test. This test analyzes a sample of your blood for the presence of HSV antibodies to detect a past herpes infection .
How to treat herpes?
Currently, no vaccine or drug would cope with herpes forever. After infection, the herpes virus is permanently stored in the nerve trunks. However, there are special antiviral medications that will help reduce healing time, reduce pain, and some may even reduce the risk of re-manifestation.
Treatment in adults and middle older children is no different. The choice of medications will depend solely on the severity of the manifestations of herpes and the state of the immune system.
In the absence of treatment, the symptoms of the disease go away on their own after 1-2 weeks, but subsequently, relapse of the disease occurs in ¾ infected.
Herpes treatment is carried out according to a certain scheme and is aimed at getting rid of the infection in several stages.
Initially, it is necessary to direct efforts to reduce the severity and duration of itching, pain, fever. Further, it is important to reduce the duration of complete healing of lesions resulting from the disease. Subsequent treatment of herpes is aimed at reducing the severity and frequency of relapse of the disease. The next stage of treatment is the elimination of infection to eliminate the re-occurrence of herpes.
Most often, in the process of drug treatment of herpes, local antiviral drugs in the form of creams and ointments are used. They directly eliminate the cause of the disease, that is, the herpes simplex virus. To increase the effectiveness of such antiviral drugs, they are recommended to be used immediately after the appearance of rashes.
In some cases, doctors prescribe antiviral drugs for oral use, such as Zovirax, Famciclovir, etc. With their help, the body accumulates the antiviral apparatus and begins to fight infection more effectively. Also, there is a vaccine that is used to prevent the disease.
Taking daily suppressive therapy may also reduce the risk of transmitting the virus to a sex partner. Antiviral drugs reduce viral shedding, when the virus makes new copies of itself on the skin’s surface .
What is Zovirax?
Zovirax is a highly effective antiviral drug. The main active ingredient is Acyclovir. Zovirax is generic. The drug is effective against Herpes simplex types 1 and 2. Doctors use an antiviral agent not only during the treatment of a viral infection but also for the prevention of the disease. The drug quickly relieves symptoms, helps the healing of sores, regeneration of the skin or mucous membranes.
Release form of antiviral medication
Pharmacological companies produce Zovirax in various forms. Doctors prescribe a cream or ointment for external use. Besides, there are tablets for internal use. Zovirax tablets are biconvex and white. They are placed in blisters. Companies produce an antiviral drug in environmentally friendly cardboard packaging.
To quickly get rid of the infection, experts recommend using the drug comprehensively for internal and external use. Thus, the drug will have a maximum concentration in the body.
How to take Zovirax?
The recommended dose of Zovirax for adults is 200 mg 5 timesday every 4 hours (except for the period of night sleep). Usually, the course of treatment is 5 days. However, it can be extended for severe primary infections.
Zovirax is taken orally with water (200-250 ml). The drug can be taken with food (food intake does not violate its absorption).
Doctors do not recommend taking the drug on your own. Only the attending doctor will be able to prescribe the correct dosage of the drug, having studied the degree of development of Herpes.
It is worth remembering that the patient should take Zovirax as soon as possible after the onset of infection, as in this case, the treatment is more effective.
What are the side effects of the medication?
Zovirax is a low toxic drug. When using the drug, the patient must comply with the dosage prescribed by the attending physician. Otherwise, the following adverse reactions may develop:
- Shortness of breath
In case of adverse reactions, you should stop taking the drug and inform your doctor.
Why is generic better than the original?
Generic is a medication that contains the same original active substance as a branded medicine. The significant difference between the original medicine and the generic is the manufacturing company and the cost.
Companies that produce generics do not spend their money on scientific research. They use and improve the finished formula after the patent expires. As a result, such drugs have a lower cost and may be more effective than the original. It is worth noting that, before the release of a generic, pharmacological companies undergo all the necessary checks and certifications, confirming their quality and safety.
If you want to buy an effective medicine for herpes, saving your money on this, then Zovirax generic is the best choice!
What is the prevention of herpes?
Herpes is an unpleasant and very common viral infection. However, everyone knows that it is better to prevent the disease than to treat it. Consider the most effective methods of preventing pathology.
- Use of contraceptives during sexual intercourse. A condom can not always protect a healthy body from herpes (in addition to the sexual route of transmission, it can be transmitted in other ways), but the effectiveness of using condoms is quite high
- Follow personal hygiene rules always wash your hands with soap and water, use only your towel, toothbrush, etc
- In situations where it is not possible to wash hands after contact with an infected person, use an antiseptic
- If you have a rash on your lips, you should not touch it. If you touch the infected area with your hands, they must be washed thoroughly with soap and water after contact, thereby preventing the transmission of infection
- If you live with a peddler of infection, you must wash the dishes with the detergent each time and follow the rules of personal hygiene
A healthy body is less susceptible to viruses and bacteria than a weakened one. This also applies to the effects of herpes in a weakened body, a virus is much more likely to occur. Therefore, strengthen your immunity!
 Additional information about diagnosis and treatment of herpes by the link https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/genital-herpes/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20356167
 Follow the resource https://www.webmd.com/genital-herpes/genital-herpes-treatment-options#1 and get more facts about treatment options for herpes