Angina Pectoris FAQ
What is angina?
Angina is chest pain or discomfort caused by reduced blood flow to the heart muscles.
What are the types of angina?
The types of angina include stable angina, unstable angina, variant (Prinzmetal's) angina, and microvascular angina.
What are the symptoms of angina?
Angina can cause chest pain or discomfort, pain in the arms, neck, jaw, shoulder, or back, shortness of breath, and nausea.
What are the risk factors for angina?
Risk factors for angina include smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and a sedentary lifestyle.
How is angina diagnosed?
Angina is diagnosed through a physical exam, review of medical history, blood tests, stress test, electrocardiogram, and other imaging tests.
What are the treatment options for angina?
Treatment may include lifestyle changes, medications, angioplasty and stenting, and coronary artery bypass surgery.
Can angina be prevented?
Preventive measures for angina include quitting smoking, managing stress, exercising regularly, and maintaining a healthy diet.
Are there medications for angina relief?
Yes, medications such as nitrates, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, and ACE inhibitors are commonly used to manage angina symptoms.
Is angina a sign of a heart attack?
Angina can be a warning sign of a heart attack, especially if the symptoms are severe, prolonged, or occur at rest.
Is angina life-threatening?
While angina itself is not a heart attack, it indicates an increased risk of heart problems. Seek medical help if you experience angina symptoms.
Is angina the same as a heart attack?
No, angina is chest discomfort caused by reduced blood flow to the heart, while a heart attack is a circulation problem that leads to heart muscle damage.
Can angina be managed without medication?
In some cases, lifestyle changes such as a heart-healthy diet, regular exercise, and stress management can help reduce angina symptoms.
What is the prognosis for angina patients?
With proper treatment and lifestyle modifications, many people with angina are able to lead active, fulfilling lives.
How often does angina occur?
The frequency of angina episodes can vary, from occasional discomfort to frequent episodes that significantly affect daily life.
Can angina lead to complications?
Untreated angina can lead to complications such as heart attack, heart failure, or arrhythmias. It's important to seek medical guidance for proper management.
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